Originally established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr,
the Eravikulam Park is situated in Devikulam taluk of
the Idukki district. It was declared as a sanctuary
in 1975, and considering its ecological, faunal, floral,
geo-morphological and zoological significance, it was
declared as a National Park in 1978. It covers an area
of 97 sq.kms of rolling grasslands and high level shoalas.
The park is breath-takingly beautiful and is comparable
to the best of mountain ranges in the Alps.
The area is undulating, dotted with grass hillocks and
sholas. Anamudi (2694m), the highest peak, south of
the Himalays, is situated in the south of the park.
The area receives heavy rains during both the monsoons.
This is one of the wettest areas of the world. During
the winter months of December to February, the occurrence
of frost is quite common.
The major portion of this area is covered with grasslands,
but there are several patches of sholas seen in hollows
Actinodaphne bourdilloni, Microtropis ramiflora, pittosporum
tetraspermium, Sysygium arnottianum, Chrysopogon zelanieus,
Eupatorium adenophorum, Strobilanthes, Kunthi anus (Neelakurinji),
Eulalia phaeothrix, Tripogen bromodes, Arundninella
fuscata and Cyanotis species.
Tiger, panther and wild dogs are usually sighted in
both the open grass land sholas forests. Civet cat and
jungle cat also live in the sholas. Sloth bear, Nilgiri
langur and wild boar are generally found in sholas and
their fringes. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind
in the world, is seen in this park. The population of
the world famous Nilgiri Tahr is 1317 according to the
1991 census. There were only 885 in 1989.
Eravikulam National Park is under the control of the
Wildlife Warden, Idukki Division with headquarters at
Painavu (Vellappara) and under the direct charge of
the Assistant Wildlife warden with headquarters at Rajamala.
Tourists can visit the Rajmala part of the park with
entry passes. The park is nearly 15 kms north of Munnar,
which can be reached from Kochi (135 kms) and Kottayam
(148 kms). The nearest airport is Kochi and the nearest
railway station is Aluva, which is 115 kms from Munnar.
Latitude : 10°10' -10° 20' N
Longitude : 77° 0' -77° 10' E
Area : 97 sq.kms.
Terrain : Elevation varies from 1,400m to 2694m.
Rainfall : Average 4500mm. Rainy season is from June
Climate : Mean summer temperature - 29° C
Mean winter temperature - 3° C